The Academy Council of 6 February 1991 set up the following rules for the Koyré medal and the prize for young historians.
The Koyré medal is awarded for a scholar’s career contribution rather than for a particular achievement. The candidate needs not to be a member of the Academy. Nomination of a Koyré medallist must be made in writing by a member of the Academy. The Council will choose the medallist via a mail ballot repeated until an absolute majority is attained. A decision will be made between General Assemblies and the award made at the next General Assembly.
The prize for young historians will be decided and awarded on the schedule that applies to the Koyré medallist. The prize rewards a first work in the history of science. Candidates can put themselves forward or be nominated by a member of the Academy. In either case the case must be submitted in writing and the work proposed for the prize sent to the Academy. The Council will decide the winner at one of its regular meetings by a majority vote of the members present. The prize will consist of a diploma and a cheque, the amount of which may vary from time to time.
1. Recipients of the Koyré medal:
1968 D.T. Whiteside for the first two volumes of his edition The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton, Cambridge, 1967-1968.
1971 A.P. Yushkevich and his collaborators for the four-volume work History of the Nation’s Mathematics [in Russian], Moscow and Kiev, 1964-70
B. Suchodolski and collaborators for the two-volume work History of Polish Science [in Polish], Warsaw, 1970.
1974 L. Geymonat for the four-volume work Storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico, Milan, 1972.
1981 M. Clagett for his four-volume Archimedes in the Middle Ages, Madison, Wisconsin, 1964 to Philadelphia, 1980.
1986 C.C. Gillispie and his collaborators for the Dictionary of scientific biography, New York, 1970-1980.
1989 J.D. North for his book Chaucer’s Universe, Oxford, 1988.
1991 R. Rashed for all his writings.
1993 W. Shea for all his writings.
1995 Juan Vernet, Julio Samsó and the school of historians in Al-Andalus.
1997 René Taton for all his writings.
1999 John Heilbron for all his writings.
2001 Izabella Bashmakova and Christian Houzel for all their writings.
2003 Storia della scienza, initiated by Vincenzo Cappelletti.
2005 Guy Beaujouan for all his writings.
2007 Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu for his writings on Ottoman science ;
2009 ESA History Project, directed by John Krige and Arturo Russo.
2011 Brigitte Hoppe for all her writings.
2013 D. King for all his writings
2015 edition and translation in French of Copernicus' "De revolutionibus orbium coelestium" (M.-P. Lerner, Ph. Segonds, J.-P. Verdet and their collaborators)
2017 Robert Fox, for all his writings
2. A prize for young historians was awarded to:
1968 Serge Demidov for his memoir Diffusion, extension, and limits of the axiomatic method in modern science, after the example of geometry.
1986 Christoph Meinel for his writings in the history of chemistry.
1989 W. Newman for his critical edition of the Summa perfectionis of Pseudo-Geber (published in 1991 in Collection de Travaux of the Academy, n° 35).
1993 Baudouin Van Den Abeele for his book Les traités latins de fauconnerie, published as: La Fauconnerie au Moyen Âge. Connaissance, affaitage et médecine des oiseaux de chasse d'après les traités latins, Klincksiek, 1994..
1995 Marco Beretta for The enlightenment of matter, the definition of chemistry from Agricola to Lavoisier, Science History Publications, 1993.
1997 Marie-Madeleine Saby for Les canons de Jean de Lignères sur les tables astronomiques de 1321.
1999 Andrea Breard for Recréation d’un concept mathématique dans la pensée chinoise.
Jean-Pierre Sutto for his study on Maurolyco.
2001 Antonella Romano for La contre-réforme mathématique, constitution et diffusion d’une culture mathématique jésuite à la Renaissance, Rome, Ecole française de Rome, 1999.
Hiroshi Hirai for Le concept de semence dans les théories de la matière à la Renaissance, de Marsile Ficin à Pierre Gassendi (De Diversis Artibus 72).
2003 Alberto Jori for Aristotele, Milano, Bruno Mondadori, 2003.
2007 Harald Siebert for his work on Athanasius Kircher: Die groe kosmologische Kontroverse. Rekonstruktionsversuche anhand des Itinerarium exstaticum von Athanasius Kircher SJ (1602-1680), Franz Steiner Verlag, 2006.
2009 Bernardo Machado Mota for O Estatu da matématica em Portugal nos séculos XVI e XVII.
2011 Marc Moyon for his work in the field of history of mathematics
2013 Matteo Martelli for the publication of the critical edition of the Greek alchemical texts of Pseudo-Democritus, including a translation and commentary
2015 Sabine Arnaud, for her book "L’Invention de l’hysterie au temps des lumières"